LinkedIn tracking pixel

Integrated Deterrence and Cyberspace

Publisher: National Defense University Press
Date: May 2023
Integrated Deterrence and Cyberspace book cover

This book was edited by IWP professor Dr. Joseph Billingsley. To download a pdf of the book, please visit National Defense University Press.

This edited volume represents an important contribution to our thinking on cyberspace and national security. It also serves as one example of an enduring and fruitful relationship between the U.S. Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM) and the College of Information and Cyberspace (CIC) at the National Defense University (NDU).

Essays were solicited in mid-2022 from across the USCYBERCOM Academic Engagement Network, a newly minted body developed in consultation with CIC. The top three submissions were selected by an esteemed committee that included Emily Goldman and Michael Warner. After approval by the USCYBERCOM J5, Rear Admiral Heidi Berg, USN, the authors of the selected essays were invited as panelists at the Cyber Symposium on Integrated Deterrence, an event co-hosted by USCYBERCOM and CIC at NDU, located at Fort Lesley J. McNair in Washington, DC, on November 17, 2022.

The photograph on the cover of this volume captures General Paul M. Nakasone, USA, commander of USCYBERCOM, providing the opening remarks for the November event. In those remarks, General Nakasone referred to CIC as “our college” in recognition of the close collaboration between the functional combatant command he currently leads and the hosting war college–level institution aligned to its mission area.

In the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, Congress renamed the NDU Information Resources Management College as CIC to prioritize the strategically oriented educational needs of the growing Defense Cyber Workforce. Less than a year after the renaming ceremony, the team at CIC hosted the 2018 Cyberspace Strategy Symposium. The central question of that 2018 event was “What are the foundational organizing principles we need to operate more effectively in cyberspace?” One such principle that event helped to develop was that of persistent engagement, which has since gained wide popularity. That event was the first in a series of USCYBERCOM strategy symposia supported by CIC, the most recent of which was the November 2022 event that this volume is primarily associated with.

The concepts shared herein may help with a better understanding of the current state of cyberspace and national security and how we may shape their future(s). For the reader who may be a strategist, researcher, or practitioner focused on this ever-evolving intersection of competing priorities, I trust you will glean many important strategic insights.

—Joseph L. Billingsley,