This course examines the most significant developments which have made the 20th century the most violent and revolutionary era in world history. It analyzes the causes and circumstances of each of the major wars of the 20th century: World Wars I and II, and the Cold War. Special emphasis is placed on the structure of the international system, the role of geopolitical and ideological movements, and the failure of peace settlement diplomacy. Finally, it explains the continuity of the legacy of the 20th century into the Second Millenium as evidenced by the political and military struggles in the post-Cold World War, including the return of Russia, rise of China, and emergence of global terroristic non-state actors, in particular militant Muslim/Caliphatist religious movements.
This course may be taken as a part of the following programs: