This course explores why and how culture matters in intelligence analysis and political decision-making beneficial for both war fighting and alliance building. We will explore how cultural factors affect political life, and how the relative effect of such factors can be evaluated to enhance national security. There is considerable evidence that politics cannot be divorced from culture, from considerations of values that transcend how we connect with our allies and penetrate the social vulnerabilities of adversaries. This course is designed to help students develop a methodology for better understanding other our own and other nations’ cultures. It offers an exploration of major political and cultural indicators involved in assessing the actions and attitudes of both Western and non-Western states.