On Thursday, June 28, 2011, General Kyung-Soon Chang, President of the Korean National Movement for the Protection of Freedom, spoke at IWP on the topic of “The Nuclear Security of the Korean Peninsula and the Expanding Chinese Challenges to US Global Roles.”
His presentation is below.
The Nuclear Security of the Korean Peninsula and the Expanding Chinese Challenges to US Global Roles
President, the Korean National Movement for
the Protection of Freedom
Good Afternoon, Ladies and Gentlemen. It is my great honor to express my modest opinion on two global strategic issues with which Korea and the United States are confronted.
First, I would like to speak about the nuclear security of the Korean Peninsula. Recently South Korean people have been trembling under the nuclear threat by North Korea. It is so because North Korea one-sidedly possesses nuclear weapons and consequently the survival of South Korea is dependent on the will of the North Korean government. Whenever certain occasions arise, North Korea threatens that it will destroy South Korea with fire flame. Here the “fire flame” means nuclear weapon explosions. Under such threats, North Korea carried out an attack to sink the South Korean Naval ship Cheon-an and fired its cannons at Yeonpysong Island.
The nuclear threat by North Korea is a threat not only to the survival of South Korea, but also to the maintenance of American influence in East Asia. Therefore the best policy to react to such a threat is complete denuclearization of North Korea. For the complete denuclearization of North Korea, the Six Power Talks are not effective. During several years of the Six Power Talks, Korea and the United States have gained nothing, but North Korea has been provided with rice, wheat and other economic aids.
Worst of all is the fact that the political leaders of China, which is the Chair nation of the Six Power Talks, repeatedly insist that the Six Power Talks need to recognize North Korea as a nuclear nation rather than demanding denuclearization. The primary reason for such actions is that China desires to expand its influence in the region by utilizing North Korea.
Belatedly we realized that soft diplomatic approaches would not produce the result that we wanted. Kim Jung Il is too sly and sneaky to be tamed by such soft measures. In view of this conclusion, the only option left for Korea and the United States is a non-diplomatic harsh measure such as military action and/or military threat against North Korean nuclear weapons. Therefore, we have to warn North Korea that it must voluntarily denuclearize or the United States will attack all the stockpiles of nuclear weapons in North Korea repeatedly until the last nuclear war-head is destroyed. Only then will Kim Jung Il of North Korea accept American demand for denuclearization.
If North Korea would not denuclearize itself after such a warning, and China would tacitly accept this action, the United States should proclaim that it will allow South Korea to develop nuclear weapons to counter North Korean nuclear weapons. Even China, I think, could not challenge such harsh measures.
Therefore, I strongly recommend this option to the decision-makers of the United States. Kim Jung Il will, without doubt, yield to this threat and search for a peaceful solution.
North Korea is most afraid of South Korea’s production of nuclear weapons. Kim Jung Il knows that South Korea is far ahead of North Korea in nuclear technology and in other related fields. He also recognizes that, if South Korea is allowed to compete with North Korea in producing nuclear weapons, South Korea will out-compete North Korea. Hence, North Korea will surely feel seriously threatened and try to abide by American demands for denuclearization.
Some people suggest that the United States redeploy tactical nuclear weapons in Korea to deter North Korean nuclear attacks. But I think it is the worst option for us to take, since it would be interpreted by the North as an approval by the United States and South Korea of North Korean possession of nuclear weapons. So, it is not productive to talk about re-deployment of American tactical weapons at this particular moment of negotiations for denuclearization.
Aside from the above measures for denuclearization of North Korea, I would like to recommend to the American decision-makers to maintain American wartime military operational command in Korea until Korean unification. Under the regime of Ro Mu Hyun, who was a self-claimed pro-North Korean leftist, South Korea and the United States made an agreement to return wartime operational command to South Korea by 2012. After Myung Bak Lee became the President of South Korea, the return of wartime operational command has been postponed until 2015. In view of the domestic situation of South Korea, however, we need to postpone the turnover until the time of unification of the Korean Peninsula to strengthen our alliance.
So much about South Korean security. Now we need to think about what the United States should do to counter expanding Chinese challenges toward US global roles.
China is a foreign currency strong power. Still, it is an underdeveloped country. The enormous size of her cheap labour force and the skill of the Chinese people in spying on foreign industrial and military technologies have enabled China to accumulate large amounts of foreign currencies since it opened its doors to America and European nations in early 1970’s. By the time of the global banking crisis in 2008, China suddenly stood up as a foreign currency superpower. It then began to challenge the global roles of the United States.
In order to dwarf such challenges and maintain American global supremacy, the United States has to do something to weaken China to some extent. It seems to me that the first action for the United States to take is to dwindle down the rapid economic growth of China. One way to achieve this goal will be systematically to decrease imports of Chinese products. Another way to limit Chinese economic advancement is to self-restrain American and Western investments into the Chinese market, especially in the fields of heavy industries. Careful prevention of Chinese industrial spying activities will also be effective in limiting Chinese industrial growth.
A second measure to take is to decrease the population of China or to divide China into two or three smaller nations. The population of China is more than 1.5 billion, more than 5 times the American population. In order to weaken China, therefore, Chinese population should be reduced first.
One way to shrink the Chinese population is to instigate separationist movements of the racial minorities. Once well ignited, the desire for independence of minority racial groups cannot be completely suppressed. China will eventually have to allow independence of some racial minority groups.
Another way to decrease the Chinese population is a rise of regional rivalry among the politicians and military leaders from different regions as witnessed by Chinese history. If such regional confrontations grow up during the process of democratization, it is possible that China’s 1.5 billion population will be divided into smaller nations. This is a very sensitive and complicated method. Considering the traditional rivalries and wars among and between regional leaders, though, it is not an unimaginable method. Once divided into two or three smaller nations, China could not challenge American global roles.
A third way to decrease the Chinese population is to unify the Korean Peninsula as soon as possible. Once unified, Korea will surely try to expand her domain of influence by calling in Korean descendants residing in the Manchuria and in the Eastern coast area of China. Such a movement will sooner or later motivate the Mongolian people residing in Internal Mongolia to separate from Chinese control.
Once unified, Korea will remain as a faithful ally of the United States. Korea is a Christian country; more than one third of the total population is Christian. Therefore, spiritually and mentally they are much closer to the Americans than to the Chinese. Their thoughts and lifestyles have been Americanized. Many Koreans speak English, but not Chinese. So the Koreans will not remain neutral. They will strongly support the United States. Consequently the United States can confidently rely on the Korean people for help in case of conflicts between the US and China.
Therefore, I strongly suggest that the United States make every effort to unify the Korean Peninsula.
In conclusion, I strongly recommend that the United States take systematic measures to denuclearize North Korea as soon as possible and to weaken China continuously for the sacred purpose of promoting world peace and global common prosperity. A strong and prosperous America will be the foundation of a strong Korea.
Thank you for your careful listening.