In a report published last month by the Special Operations Command Europe, IWP professor Dr. Marek Jan Chodakiewicz’s work on popular resistance was heavily cited as a framework to understand resistance organizations and employed in a case study on popular resistance in Poland during World War II.
The report, “Resistance Operating Concept (ROC),” by Otto C. Fiala discusses resistance and resilience as a way for a state to defend itself against incursions on its national sovereignty. The Resistance Operating Concept encourages governments to build resistance capabilities as a part of its Total Defense posture. The report examines historical examples of resistance and resilience, particularly during World War II and the Cold War.
The ROC is a highly significant concept, as it will aid Northern and Eastern European countries to counter Russian aggression in Eastern Europe. This report sets the context for the first-ever Special Operations contingency plan if Russia were to invade the Baltic States, demonstrating U.S. commitment to NATO.
Dr. Chodakiewicz’s books, Between Nazis and Soviets; Occupation Politics in Poland, 1930-1947 and Intermarium: The Land Between the Black and Baltic Seas, provide critical insights in the report on historical instances of national resistance to foreign influence.
The full report is available here.